Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines folk medicine as "traditional medicine as practiced nonprofessionally especially by people isolated from modern medical services and usually involving the use of plant-derived remedies on an empirical basis". As stated by David J. Hufford, professor in the Department of Humanities at the Penn State College of Medicine: Folk medicine is a form of complementary and alternative medicine that relies heavily (although not exclusively) on oral tradition. Strongly influenced by cultural norms and values, folk medicine generally comprises the "unofficial" or "lay" health beliefs and practices found in all societies. (Hufford DJ. Folk Medicine Alternative Health.
- Wikipedia: Traditional medicine comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine. The World Health Organization defines traditional medicine as "the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness". In some Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population relies on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. When adopted outside its traditional culture, traditional medicine is often called alternative medicine.
- Bioprospecting , the commercial exploitation of folk medicinal knowledge.
- Folk healer - A folk healer is an unlicensed person who practices the art of healing using traditional practices, herbal remedies and even the power of suggestion. A folk healer may be a highly trained person who pursues their specialties, learning by study, observation and imitation.
- Herbal medicine - Herbalism is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history, and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced today.
- Old wives' tale - Old wives' tale is a term used to indicate that a supposed truth is actually spurious or a superstition. It can be said sometimes to be a type of urban legend, said to be passed down by older women to a younger generation.
- Medical anthropology
- Concepts in alternative medicine
- Dr. American Indian Traditional Medicine in Treating Chronic Illness www
Dr. Indian Traditional Medicine in Treating Chronic Illness. Lewis Mehl-Madrona at Beth Israel's Center for Health and Healing presents research on how Native American traditional practices can integrate with traditional medicine to treat chronic illness. Includes comparison and demographic charts. American Indian Traditional Medicine in Treating Chronic Illness.
- Includes RussianFoods.com - Folk Medicine www
Includes suggestions for colds, Folk Medicine, constipation, toothache, insomnia, headache and breakdown as well as links to the full Russian cooking archive. RussianFoods.com - Folk Medicine.
- Brief Folk Medicine - Bordering the Future www
Brief commentary on folk healing in the Texas border regions. Folk Medicine - Bordering the Future.
- Monograph Ozarkian and Haitian Folk Medicine www
Monograph with references describing the similarities between folkloric beliefs in Haiti and mid-western America. Ozarkian and Haitian Folk Medicine.
- The Old Cures www
The history of old medicine, Cures, and an old medical book. Old Cures.
- Treatise Folk Medicine in Hispanics in the Southwestern United States www
Treatise prepared by a Baylor College of Medicine assistant professor outlining some Hispanic folkloric beliefs and the importance of considering such beliefs during standard medical treatment. Folk Medicine in Hispanics in the Southwestern United States.
- Provides Home Remedies Web www
Provides information on natural cures for a variety of common illnesses. Home Remedies Web.
- Includes Lithuanian Folk Medicine www
Includes sections describing the concept of health and illness, Folk Medicine, determination of illness, doctors and cures. Lithuanian Folk Medicine.
- Referenced Folk Medicine www
Referenced article by a home healthcare nurse from West Virginia about the history of folk medicine and practices still in use. Folk Medicine.
- Referenced Handbook of Texas Online: Folk Medicine www
Referenced article describing beliefs and practices among the Anglo, Texas Online: Folk Medicine, Mexican and Black cultures in Texas. Handbook of Texas Online: Folk Medicine.
- By Ascending Enterprises - Old Fashioned Remedies www
By Lois Lenz, Enterprises - Old Fashioned Remedies, Medicine Woman. Offers solutions for a variety of everyday health problems. Ascending Enterprises - Old Fashioned Remedies.
- Mothering Placenta Recipes www
Mothering Magazine offers an illustrated guide to preparing the placenta for consumption. Placenta Recipes.
- Describes Skin Cancer Treatment Alternative Using Topical Pancreatin Enzymes www
Describes home remedy using a popular contact lens cleaning solution mixed with aloe vera gel. Skin Cancer Treatment Alternative Using Topical Pancreatin Enzymes.
- Herb Remedies www
Herb drying, Remedies, storage and preparation descriptions and alphabetical list of tips for easing common complaints. Remedies.
- Traditional Simple Remedies www
Traditional folk remedies and ideas to treat common and not-so common ailments. Remedies. Generated by readers of Simplitudes.com. Simple Remedies.
- Indian Pediatric Oncall - Home-Made Remedies www
Indian traditional treatments for common childhood ailments. Pediatric Oncall - Home-Made Remedies.
- Alphabetical Health 911 - Folk Remedies www
Alphabetical listing of ailments, 911 - Folk Remedies, their causes and cures. Health 911 - Folk Remedies.
- Folk The Vinegar Website www
Folk uses, Vinegar Website, medicinal qualities, home remedies, history, and beauty and household uses of vinegar. The Vinegar Website.
- Describes A Brief Note Regarding Campa Medical Practices www
Describes the author's experiences with Campa Indian remedies in the Amazon River Basin. A Brief Note Regarding Campa Medical Practices.
- Cures India Parenting: Home Remedies www
Cures for common childhood ailments and link to information about traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine. India Parenting: Home Remedies.
- World Traditional Medicine www
World Health Organization fact sheet outlining the place of traditional healing practices in modern society. Traditional Medicine.
- An International Home Remedies www
An archive composed by students from around the world. International Home Remedies.
- Comparisons Midwives and Maternity Care in the Roman World www
Comparisons between folk treatment and professional midwifery in Greco-Roman society, and Maternity Care in the Roman World, primarily based upon the writings of Pliny and Soranus. Includes references. Midwives and Maternity Care in the Roman World.
- Information Home Remedies for Common Ailments www
Information on causes, Remedies for Common Ailments, symptoms and diet conditions for common ailments and diseases. Also provides information on health benefits from common ingredients like honey, garlic, aloe vera and other items. Home Remedies for Common Ailments.
- A Alternative Cancer Treatment www
A treatment center in Thailand specializing in the use of natural healing methods and herbs to treat cancer. Alternative Cancer Treatment.
- Includes Folk Medicine: UCLA Folklore Archive Resource www
Includes searchable database by keyword, Medicine: UCLA Folklore Archive Resource, usage, condition, belief, date, region or ethnicity of origin. Folk Medicine: UCLA Folklore Archive Resource.
- Describes Placenta Disposal Suggestions www
Describes rituals and recipes associated with birth products. Placenta Disposal Suggestions.
- A Philippine Alternative Medicine www
A study of various alternative medicines in the Philippines. Philippine Alternative Medicine.
- A My Home Remedies www
A forum where readers can submit their own home remedies as well as rate and comment on others' submissions. My Home Remedies.
- Archived Warts www
Archived article from the east Texas weekly newspaper column All Things Historical. Warts. Describes remedies the author experienced in childhood and lists cures for warts. Warts.
- A Home Remedies and Holistic Cures www
A guide to home remedies and holistic cures for common illnesses and ailments. Home Remedies and Holistic Cures.
- Radio Curanderismo: Folk Healing in the Southwest www
Radio documentary describing traditional healing with herbs, Folk Healing in the Southwest, aromas, massage and rituals. Requires Real Player. Curanderismo: Folk Healing in the Southwest.
- Treatise Some Common Medicinal and Poisonous Plants Used in Ethiopian Folk Medicine www
Treatise by Amare Getahun, Common Medicinal and Poisonous Plants Used in Ethiopian Folk Medicine, professor at Addis Abeba University, Ethiopia. Includes introduction to Ethiopian medical lore, glossary and description of plants and their uses. Some Common Medicinal and Poisonous Plants Used in Ethiopian Folk Medicine.
- Discusses Culturally Diverse Childrearing Practices: Abusive or Just Different? www
Discusses non-traditional discipline and healing practices of various cultures as related to perceived abuse or neglect. Diverse Childrearing Practices: Abusive or Just Different?. Includes references. Culturally Diverse Childrearing Practices: Abusive or Just Different?.
- Suggests Safe Natural Cures - More Than Home Remedies www
Suggests remedies for common problems such as stuffy noses, Natural Cures - More Than Home Remedies, yeast infections, athlete's foot and hiccups. Safe Natural Cures - More Than Home Remedies.
- Global Folk Medicine, Amish and Swiss-Pennsylvania German www
Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia article describing 18th and 19th century remedies and the proliferation of folk healing among Amish and Mennonite cultures. Folk Medicine, Amish and Swiss-Pennsylvania German.
- Healing Sound Vistas www
Healing through sound, Vistas, music, and aromatherapy books, audio, and video. Sound Vistas.
- Herbal Progressive Doctors www
Herbal remedies, Doctors, biofeedback machines, water purification, and weight loss supplements. Progressive Doctors.
- Includes Diet-and-Health.net: Naturopathy www
Includes list of herbs using in naturopathic remedies, Naturopathy, with information about their uses and hazards. Diet-and-Health.net: Naturopathy.
- Herbal Holisticonline.com: Herbs www
Herbal knowledgebase covers more than 2000 herbs from around the world. Herbs. Also provides information about remedies, interactions, preparations, and regulation. Holisticonline.com: Herbs.
- Alexa: Folk Medicine Alternative
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Folk Medicine Alternative
- DMOZ: Folk Medicine Alternative
dmoz.org Directory: Folk Medicine Alternative